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SummerLin

SummerLin
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30天攻克计划  专题2----Government


专题1是根据环境的,小伙伴们私信我说还比较实用,不算太难。希望我能继续分享。


很开心帮到大家。最近修订新教材和批改作文有点忙,不过我会尽量每隔几天就分享新内容。


我打字和排版很慢哈哈,感谢大家一如既往的鼓励,让我有了整理学习资料的动力

闲话少叙,奉上真东西。


往期链接 ^_^ 点这里 ⬇⬇⬇

雅思备考资料集锦 ******


 
                        专题2----Government  政府职能


1. allocate money to sth. 拨款给...

实战例句The government will allocate two million dollars to the National Health Service.

政府将要拨款两百万美元给国家健康服务中心。

2. subsidise sth. (政府) 对某行业给予...补贴

= pay part of the cost of sth. in order to keep prices lower

实战例句In this country, farming is partly subsidised by the government.

在这个国家,农业是可以获得政府的部分补贴的。

3. should implement sth.   carry out 执行

= put a plan into operation

实战例句Government agencies should be encouraged to implement the new system. 

政府机构应该运行这个新的系统。


4. 同义表达 put sth. into effect 实施

实战例句To meet this challenge, the following elements were put into effect. (Cambridge IELTS 8) 为了应对这一挑战,下列举措得到了实施。


5. high on the governments agenda 是政府的首要任务

= be one of the most important things that the government want to deal with

实战例句Education is high on the governments agenda.


6. place a high priority on sth. 放在最优先地位

实战例句 The government is placing a high priority on health care reform.

政府将健康保险改革提到了首要日程上。


7. a recurring problem 持续出现的问题  recurring 联想 occur“发生就好记忆了

实战例句 The crisis in banking and the high unemployment rate have been two recurring problems in this country. 银行业危机和高失业率是在这个国家持续出现的两大难题。

8. an enduring solution 一个持久有效的解决方案

= a solution whose effects last fora long time

实战例句The protectionist measures (贸易保护主义措施)cannot provide an enduring solution to the economic downturn.


  贸易保护主义措施不能作为经济不景气的长期保护伞。

9. impose a burden on sth.  给...造成负担

= have a negative effect on sth.

实战例句 The new proposal will impose a financial burden on taxpayers.

这项新的法案将会给纳税人造成财政负担。

10. budget deficit  预算赤字 (即开支大于收入)

= a budget imbalance in which expenditures exceeded income

government spending / government expenditure  政府开支

实战例句The company had ran a major budget deficit for the first two years before it started to make profit.

这家公司在开业的前两年一直承受财政亏损,之后才渐渐盈利。


11. be at the taxpayers expense 花费纳税人的钱

实战例句This research plan is carried out at taxpayers expense.

这项研究是在花费纳税人的钱的基础上得以运行的。

12. Low-interest loans  低息贷款

实战例句The World Bank offers long-term low-interest loans and provide technical assistance to more than 100 less-developed countries.

relieve tax burden 减轻税务负担

13. have the authority to do sth. 有授权做某事

= have the official permission to do

be entitled to do sth  有权做某事

实战例句These missions are projects that only the government have the authority to undertake (承担).  这些任务是只有政府才有权承担的工程。

14. formulate (policies, plans, strategies)

制定政策、计划、策略

15. It is short-sighted to ... 做某事是目光短浅的

= do not consider the likely future effects of sth.

16. safeguard social stability  保障社会稳定

= to protect the stability of the society

Some people argue that international aids promote growth indirectly in less developed countries by safeguarding social stability.

17. International aids  国际援助

实战例句Part of the international aid was not getting through to the refugees.

一部分的国际援助实际上根本到不了了难民的手中。

18. enhance relations between countries  改善国家间关系

实战例句 Joint efforts(共同的努力) to develop eco-tourism can also enhance relations between countries.

环保旅行方面的协作同样有利于改善国家间的关系。

19. trade barriers (国家之间的)贸易壁垒

实战例句Some people believe that trade barriers are necessary in order to protect domestic (国内的) industries.


20. have a monopoly of sth.  对某事物占有垄断地位

实战例句 In many countries,  the government has a monopoly of tobacco industrial.

21. national defense 国防

= a nation’s use of military and political power to maintain survival.

22. translate sth. into action

= put sth. into practice 把...付诸行动

23. take stringent / severe measures to ... 采取最严格的措施

实战例句They believe these stringent measures will keep water pollution to a minimum. 他们认为这些严格的措施会把水污染降低到最小。

24. should abolish sth. (政府) 应废除某事

25. underprivileged  弱势群体的

charitable organizations  慈善组织

实战例句 The government should encourage charitable organizations to play a more active role in public service delivery.

26. play a regulatory role in ...  发挥监管者的作用

实战例句It remains highly controversial (有争议的) whether the government should play a regulatory role in this industrial.

对于政府是否应该在这个产业中发挥监管者的作用仍然存在很多争议。

regulate and oversee 监督管理

27.hunger and poverty 饥饿与贫困

wealth and prosperity 财富与繁荣

实战例句Some people argue that the more knowledge they have, the greater their wealth and prosperity (will be).

有人认为他们掌握的知识越多,他们就会越成功和富有。

28. Health insurance 健康保险

实战例句In some countries, wealthy citizens are encouraged to be responsible for their own health costs and take out private health insurance.

在一些国家,富人们被号召自己来支付自己的医疗支出并购买商业医疗保险。



往期文章链接:

听力 ^_^

听力快速提分(1)

听力快速提分 (2)



阅读 ^_^

阅读快速提分 Lecture (1)--填空题

阅读快速提分 Lecture (2) T / F /NG题

阅读快速提分 Lecture (3)--Matching 题

阅读如何得高分 Lecture (4)--选择题

阅读快速突破高分 Lecture (5)-- Heading题


写作 ^_^


雅思IELTS A类图表题--线形图 & 柱状图(1)


A类小作文之--扇形图、流程图、表格及图形题

雅思IELTS G类书信词汇及模板句型



********************************************



雅思写作 地道高分短语 30天攻克计划


Lecture 1 ------- Environment

Lecture 2 ------ Government


Lecture 3 ------ Education


Lecture 4 ---- Health


lecture 5 --- Science & Technology


Lecture 6 ----- Media



SummerLin 最后编辑于 2018-08-20 16:52:28

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