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查看     | 回复 1 雅思 IELTS 口语 提分策略 (2)

SummerLin

SummerLin
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这篇文章是针对 口语 Part 1Part 3 简短回答的。(1)是上篇,(2)是下篇。


这两篇写完之后,会有新专题继续讲解 Part 2 的speech 部分,怎么准备最 高效省时

往期链接 ^_^ 点这里 ⬇⬇⬇

雅思备考资料集锦 ******




                                            雅思口语考试 提分策略 (2)


好,上一部分简单回顾下 。看过上一篇的题型,前面这一部分可以忽略。

口语 Part 1和 Part 3 的简短问题,如何回答得凝练、又很 有层次信息量呢?


总的来说, Direct Answer + Additional information  ( 直接回答+ 补充内容)

简单总结一下 Part 1 和 Part3 的问题,共有 6 个类型。



类型 I  描述类问题    What is ... ( like )?


Solution : 使用 discourse marker 交流标记语

例如,Well句首,犹豫), To be honest / frank,  I would say,不肯定 或 委婉语气

Actually (事实,纠正), I mean (解释,同义表达),  The thing is (强调) ...



类型 II    喜好类问题 怎么回答?  Do you like ...?  /  What do you like about ...?

Solution :使用 同义表达 (喜欢 或不喜欢 等 都有无数种同义表达, 见上篇,策略1)



类型 III  分门别类: 问题    What types / kinds of ...do you ...?

Solution:  由面到点 原则

我喜欢很多种...。尤其喜欢..., 因为...;  除此以外,我还喜欢...,  因为...



———————————————————————————————————————


                        雅思口语考试 提分策略 (2)



好,现在是下一篇,正文开始,讲类型 4-6。


类型 IV    时间频率类 问题    How often do you play sports?


类似问题:


How often do you read?
How often do you watch movies?

How often do you go shopping?



Solution:   情景对比 原则。 It depends/ It varies ...


举例说明  eg.    How often do you play sports?


To be frank, it really dependsIf I have time, I would cook every day. For example, when I

was a freshman in college, I had a lot of free time to play sports.  But now, I am so engaged

in my work/study that I usually go home after 7 pm, which means I barely have any free time.

Therefore, I only do workouts on weekends.


———————————————————————————————————————



类型 V    假设类 问题     Would you prefer to live in a hot place

or cold place?


类似问题:


Would you like to change your name?
Would you prefer cooking to dining out?
Would you like to move to another city?


Solution:   用 虚拟语气 来回答。



举例说明 1    eg.    Would you prefer to live in a hot place or cold place?


If I had a choice, I would prefer to live in a hot place. I mean, I am not a big fan of cold places,

because I cannot stand wearing a lot clothes. But the truth is I’m living in a freezing city right now, so I usually just hibernate (冬眠) at home in winter.




举例说明  eg.  Would you ever buy designer/luxury clothes?

To be honest, if I had a lot of money to spend, I would buy designer clothes, because I


think they are very trendy and made of good materials. But the truth is, I don’t have a
lot of disposable income (可支配收入) to spend on design labels.




下面是解释下 虚拟语气的语法,不需要 或 不喜欢语法的可以跳过,直接看 类型 6。



Tips 虚拟语气 和 真实条件句 都由 if 引导。

          不同点在于, 真实条件句大多为现实。而虚拟语气是虚拟的假设, 一般和现实相反,且实现的可能性小。


例如,1. If you keep a balanced diet, you will become healthy .  (真实条件句)

          2. If I were a lot younger, I would travel around the world. (虚拟语气)

          3. If I were rich, I would ...  But the truth is ...    (虚拟语气)

          4. If I were a bird, I would fly up high in the sky.  (虚拟语气)


第2、3句 以及第4句 都是和 现在的事实 相反,

所以, if + 过去时 (be 都要变成were, 不分单复数),而主句 用 would + 动词原形。



一般到这里就够了,如果有学生想表达  “跟过去的事实相反”,结构会再有一点点变化。

场景,“早知如此,我当初要是听你的意见, 也不会犯这严重错误。”

          “我昨天出门要是带把伞,也不会淋场雨,导致感冒生病。” 


这些都是“跟过去的事实相反”,需要用虚拟语气

          此时,  If + had done, 主句 用 would have done


例如, 5. If I had followed your advice,  I would have not made such a serious mistake.

            6.  If I had not moved to Canada, I would have never met my girlfriend.



好,闲话少叙,这也不是语法课。哈哈。

回到本主题, 针对 “Would  you ....” 之类假设的问题, 你要用 虚拟语气回答。



———————————————————————————————————————


类型 VI  观点类问题  Do you think cooking is better than dining out?


类似问题:


What are the advantages of cooking?

Do you think online shopping is positive to our society?

Solution 一分为二原则。


我觉得 有几点好处 / 原因。 首先,...  其次,...


Well, there are a variety of/a number of reasons.


One reason/The main factor is that...
Another reason/ explanation is that ...



举例说明  eg.    Do you think cooking is better than dining out?


Yes, I do. I mean, there are a variety of reasons.  The main factor is that cooking our own

meal is much healthier than dining out,  because we can control the number of sodium and

sugar we put into our food.  Another explanation is that cooking can help us save money.



往期文章链接:



听力 ^_^

听力快速提分(1)

听力快速提分 (2)



阅读 ^_^

阅读快速提分 Lecture (1)--填空题

阅读快速提分 Lecture (2) T / F /NG题

阅读快速提分 Lecture (3)--Matching 题

阅读如何得高分 Lecture (4)--选择题

阅读快速突破高分 Lecture (5)-- Heading题


写作 ^_^


雅思IELTS A类图表题--线形图 & 柱状图(1)


A类小作文之--扇形图、流程图、表格及图形题

雅思IELTS G类书信词汇及模板句型




********************************************


雅思写作 地道高分短语 30天攻克计划


Lecture 1 ------- Environment

Lecture 2 ------ Government

Lecture 3 ------ Education

Lecture 4 ---- Health


lecture 5 --- Science & Technology


Lecture 6 ----- Media


Lecture 7 ----Traffic & Transport

Lecture 8 ----- Work


雅思口语 实用表达



考场应急  实用短语+句型1


考场救急  实用句型2


应试口语提分策略1


应试口语提分策略2



SummerLin 最后编辑于 2019-01-06 15:13:45

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